Konso is one among the eight special Woredas (districts) of the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ Regional State (SNNPRS) in Ethiopia. Its hilly and mountainous land have been under cultivation on rain fed terrace fields for hundreds of years turning this mix farming agriculture Konso’s main economy source. Moringa Stenopetala is a tree fully integrated in Konso landscape growing naturally and also cultivated in terrace fields, gardens and villages.
Konso hard working people’s indigenous knowledge and skills in water and soil conservation practice allowed them to survive in the marginal environment and enable them to make optimal use of unfavorable terrain and climatic conditions in innovative manner. This creative and noble work culture qualified Konso people in 1995 with the UN green prize among the best fifty communities all over the globe and additionally Konso landscape was recognized and registered as historical heritage Site by UNESCO in 2011.
Despite this marvelous achievements, erratic rain, frequent drought, rapid population growth, depletion of natural resource, etc reflects on the chronic food insecurity suffered by Konso people. Moringa Stenopetala has become Konso main nutrient feeding over 500 people/km². The Ethiopian Government, the local NGO Konso Development Association (KDA), other non-profit organizations and some emerging local entities in the private sector are launching some initiatives that contributes to alleviate this socioeconomic problem. Moringa Stenopetala has become Konso main nutrient bringing self-eficiency in food security to over 500 people/km² in the area.